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    • Gluten Intolerance: What Is It?

      Gluten Intolerance

      In the past it has been believed that gluten intolerance was caused by coeliac disease and wheat allergy. However, in recent times, studies have shown that some people display symptoms of gluten intolerance but don't actually suffer from coeliac disease. This new syndrome has been named non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS). NCGS is believed to be the most common gluten related disorder. Other names that NCGS could possibly go by are gluten sensitivity, gluten hypersensitivity or non-coeliac gluten intolerance.

      The cause is poorly understood however specific gene variants have been known to be associated with NCGS.

      Symptoms of NCGS usually start after consumption of gluten, and go away once gluten is removed from the diet and relapse following gluten challenge.

      Signs and Symptoms of NCGS

      Gastrointestinal Symptoms

      • Abdominal pain
      • Diarrhoea
      • Nausea
      • Vomiting
      • Bloating
      • Excess flatulence

      Systemic Symptoms

      • Behavioural symptoms
      • Bone or joint pain
      • Muscle cramps
      • Leg numbness
      • Weight loss
      • Chronic fatigue
      • Headaches
      • "Foggy mind"
      • Eczema and/or rash

      If you expect gluten intolerance you can test this yourself by removing gluten from your diet. Try it out for a while and see if you feel better.

      Some Gluten Containing Foods to Watch Out For:

      • Wheat and wheat products (spelt, kamut, titricale)
      • Rye
      • Barley
      • Oats (although some research suggests oat consumption is ok for many people, it is actually the issue of being contaminated with wheat, barley, rye)
      • Pasta
      • Bread
      • Biscuits
      • Cakes
      • Baked goods
      • Pastries

      Other Considerations

      Wheat and other gluten-containing grains contain a protein called gliadin, which has been shown to increase zonulin production. Research on zonulin has shown an increase in intestinal permeability (also known as leaky gut) in humans and other animals.

      Many autoimmune diseases- including coeliac disease, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease- have been identified in medical literature as being characterised by increasingly high levels of zonulin and a leaky gut.

      So the point here would be that there may be many reasons why you might want to try a gluten free diet, even if you don't suffer from coeliac disease.


      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medical Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

    • Prolonged Flu Season: How Can I Best Protect Myself?

      flu season

      Spring has sprung but beware, the flu season is not over yet. It has been reported that this year Australia is experiencing a record flu season, with 71,256 lab-confirmed cases of the flu being reported. The real number of cases is likely to be much higher, due to many cases not being tested.

      How To Protect Yourself

      Nobody is 100% protected from getting the flu, however there are some steps that you can take to help protect yourself. Make sure you are taking care of your health to ensure your immune system is functioning optimally in order to fight off chances of contracting flu.

      Here are some steps to make sure your immune system is strong:

      • Eat a balanced and healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables
      • Get regular exercise
      • Get plenty of sleep
      • Manage stress
      • Take vitamins and minerals to strengthen and support immune function.

      Specific Nutrients for the Immune System

      Zinc

      Zinc is essential for all processes of the human body, as well as having a wide range of different roles in immunity. A deficiency in this trace element can severely affect the immune response.

      Vitamin C

      Studies on individuals under extreme physical stress including marathon runners and skiers showed that taking vitamin C reduced the common cold risk by half. Another group of scientists found that vitamin C use (over 500mg per day) reduced the frequency of the common cold but did not affect the duration or severity.

      Vitamin D

      Animal and human studies involving vitamin D supplementation have shown beneficial effects of vitamin D on immune function, particularly in the context of autoimmunity.

      In addition to these vitamins, herbs such as echinacea, astragalus, cat's claw and andrographis can be beneficial in strengthening your immune system and reducing the severity and length of colds and flu.

      Additional Ways to Reduce Your Chances of Getting the Flu:

      • Wash hands regularly
      • Keep surfaces clean
      • Avoid sharing cups and cutlery
      • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing

      If you are thinking of getting a flu jab or think you are protected because you've been vaccinated, think again. A recent outbreak of influenza A in a Tasmanian nursing home affected 31 of 37 residents, despite 95% of them having had the flu vaccination.


      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medical Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

    • Product Spotlight: Nordur Sea Salt

      nordur

      Nordur Sea Salt from Iceland has just arrived.

      Features

      • 100% Pure and Organically Certified
      • More trace elements than all other salts on the market due to the seaweed-rich pure Icelandic waters it is harvested from
      • 100% Sustainably Resourced
      • Free from Greenhouse Gas Omissions
      • No Industrial Processing

      But there is more....

      They also produce flavoured salts including Rhubarb, Blueberry, Smoked and Liquorice. Why? Because spice blends help elevate your cooking to another level. They are extremely versatile and can spruce up just about anything; for example soups, sandwiches, vegetables, seafood, side dishes, grills, deserts and even chips.

      In 2016, Nordur was awarded the best packaging and best product at the Paris Food Fair and was awarded best packaging at the New York Food Fair.

       

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Ian Collins

      Owner of Evelyn Faye Nutrition

    • Chocolate Peanut Smoothie Recipe

      Ingredients

      Method

      Mix all together in a blender and enjoy!

      Add the Cacao Nibs to the top of the smoothie to create a bit of extra crunch and nutrition.

       

      This recipe is full of Nutrients, Gluten Free, Vegan, Paleo, and Good Fats.


      Recipe by Sahar Hajeb

      Nutritionist at our South Melbourne store

      BHSc of Nutritional Medicine.

    • Cold & Flu: What Can I Do?

      Everybody is coughing and spluttering. We are all crying out for help to fight off the nasty colds and flu's that are so prevalent this time of year.

      How Can I Avoid This?

      There are two equally great supplements that you can use to help prevent and help cure winter illnesses- Zinc and Vitamin C.

      Herbs of Gold Vitamin C 1000 plus Zinc and Bioflavonoids- a dose of four a day will provide you with 4000mg of Vitamin C and 32mg of Zinc. This means that it is a perfect product for cold and flu prevention.

      If your chest is filling up with phlegm and you are coughing, then adding something like Fusion Cough Lung Tonic to your daily supplements. It comes in both capsules and liquid and should help soothe your chest and help you cough the phlegm out.

      Maybe you are just suffering from the flu- aching, sore throat, possibly your second dose for the winter- (yes, central heating at work can be a problem) try taking Fusion Astra 8 Immune Tonic. This product comes in tablets or liquid and can help give your immune system a bit of a boost.

      Propolis can also be good to help prevent colds and flu's. Propolis and Manuka Honey together can be an effective combination as well.

      If your throat is really bugging you, Manuka Health's Manuka Honey and Propolis Suckles can be a very pleasant and helpful way to ease throat irritation.

      For a different approach, Hilbilby Cultured Food Fire Tonic could be the product for you. It contains raw Apple Cider Vinegar tincture, live with the MOTHER of vinegar. It also contains Turmeric, Horseradish, Ginger, Carrot, Celery, Garlic, Lemons, Juniper Berries, Parsley, Black Peppercorn, Oregano and Thyme. All these ingredients are brought together and made in Torquay, Victoria.

      For a range of immune issues including extreme tiredness and chronic fatigue symptoms, as well as for general prevention, an immune formula may be all you need. We highly recommend Natures Origins Immune Advanced.

      Get well quickly!


      Written by Ian Collins

      Owner of Evelyn Faye Nutrition

    • Spotlight On: Turmeric

      In the natural health world, everybody seems to be talking about Turmeric. This wonder herb has been touted to help everything from arthritis to depression. So how does this herb work?

      One of the main active constituents of Turmeric is a polyphenol called curcumin (diferuloylmethane), and is what gives turmeric its bright yellow colour. It is a potent anti-inflammatory.

      Turmeric is a common ingredient used in curries, although curries contain a very small amount of curcumin and can vary significantly depending on the quality of the turmeric and how it has been processed.

      Turmeric Health Benefits

      Curcumin can impact health by targeting a wide variety of biochemical mechanisms. It can affect the expression and activity of many enzyme pathways, including cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase, glutathione-S-transferase, and cytochrome P450 as well as modulating transcription factors, growth factors, growth factor receptors, and their associated signaling pathways (such as epidermal growth factor receptor, fibroblast growth factor 2, AP-1, nuclear factor B, and Nrf2). In addition to this, it has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

      In recent years, curcumin has been researched extensively for its antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory properties, with compelling evidence to support its efficacy within a number of disease conditions.

      Alleviation of Arthritic Disease

      Animal studies have shown reduced tissue inflammation and inflammatory mediators as well as a decreased expression of inflammatory cytokines.

      Alleviation of Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders

      Clinical evidence suggests that curcumin may help alleviate the symptoms associated with gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, as well as reducing intestinal inflammation.

      Neurodegenerative Disorders and Cognition

      Curcumin has shown anti-inflammatory properties that could counteract neurodegeneration in vitro studies. Some animal studies suggest improved memory function and cognition in Alzheimer's Disease, Dementia and aging. Additional improvements in symptoms of dementia have been displayed by curcumin's ability to lower serum cholesterol and lipid peroxides, and inhibiting platelet aggregation.

      Counteracting oxidative stress and traumatic brain injury is also of related interest.

      Depression

      Serotonin availability was originally thought to be the main implication in the cause of major depression, but studies have now shown that many different biological disturbances are involved. This has sparked interest in compounds such as curcumin that aim to target some of these different pathways, such as dysregulation in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, activation of immune inflammatory pathways, increased oxidative and nitrosative stress, neuroprogression, and mitochondrial dysfunction.

      Some other conditions where the use of curcumin have shown promising results include:

      • Diabetes and metabolic syndrome
      • Cardio-protective properties
      • Allergy

       

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      References

      • Aggarwal B, Harikumar K. Potential therapeutic effects of curcumin, the anti-inflammatory agent in turmeric, against neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009;41:40Y59.
      • Holt P, Katz S, Kirshoff R. Curcumin therapy in inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study. Dig Dis Sci. 2005;50:2191Y2193.
      • Jaqetia G, Aggarwal B. ‘‘Spicing up’’ of the immune system by curcumin. J Clin Immunol. 2007;27:19Y35
      • Lopresti, A. L., Maes, M., Maker, G. L., Hood, S. D., & Drummond, P. D. (2014). Curcumin for the treatment of major depression: A randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 167, 368-375. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2014.06.001
      • Ng S, Kamm M. Therapeutic strategies for the management of ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009;15:935Y950.
      • Singletary, K. (2010). Turmeric. Nutrition Today, 45(5), 216-225. doi:10.1097/nt.0b013e3181f1d72c

      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medical Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

    • The Human Microbiome: What Is It?

      There has been much hype recently about the microbiome and its effect on health, but what exactly is it, and how does it impact on our health?

      What Is the Microbiome?

      Put simply, the microbiome is the community of microbes in our gut. This community is sometimes known as the microbiota.

      Why Is It Important?

      Well, the human microbiome (all of our microbes' genes) outnumber our genome by about 100 to 1. Bacteria are 1000 times smaller than human cells, and weigh about 2% of our body mass, which is roughly 1.5kg in an adult. To put this into perspective, the human brain weighs approximately 1.4kg.

      How Does This Impact Our Health?

      The microbes in our gut can impact health in many ways, including:

      • Digestion of food
      • Prevent pathogens from invasion
      • Enhance the function of the intestinal cell wall, improving tight junctions (which regulate the permeability of the intestinal barrier, which when compromised, can lead to leaky gut)
      • Modulate the immune system
      • Inhibit cell death

      The formation of our microbiome starts during the gestational period, so as part of a prenatal nutrition plan, it is worth considering supplementing with probiotics. Other ways of ensuring you give your children the best chance of a healthy microbiota include breastfeeding and frequent exposure to pets and animals. Another important consideration is to let your children play outside in the dirt (this is known as the hygiene hypothesis).

      Other Important Considerations

      Antibiotics

      After taking antibiotics your gut microbes, both good and bad, get killed off. That is why supplementing with a high dose multi-strain probiotic is important to recolonize the gut.

      Conditions that could benefit from supplementing with probiotics:

      • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
      • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
      • Infectious diarrhea
      • Eczema
      • Leaky gut
      • Candida
      • With/post antibiotic use

      Foods that contain probiotics include:

      • Yoghurt
      • Some soft cheeses
      • Miso
      • Tempeh
      • Kefir
      • Kim Chi
      • Sauerkraut
      • Pickled foods

      What About Strains?

      There are many different micro-organisms used in probiotic supplements, with different strains being used for certain health conditions. Talk to your naturopath, nutritionist or herbalist to discuss which probiotic may be most beneficial for you.

      Some Suggested Supplements

      NutriVital Premium 50 Billion Probiotic +

      Healthy Essentials Broad Spectrum Probiotic 10

      Gelatin Health Digestive Health

       

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medical Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

    • The Importance of Folate (Vitamin B9)

      folate forms

      Folate is an important vitamin for metabolic, genetic and nervous system function. It is required for the formation of healthy red and white blood cells.

      Folic acid is a synthetic form of folate used in supplements and fortified foods. It is a requirement in Australia to add folic acid to wheat flour for bread making; and breakfast cereals and fruit juices may also have added folic acid.

      In order for folic acid to be metabolised, it first needs to go through a process in the body called "methylation". Simply put, methylation is the transfer of a methyl group (one carbon and three hydrogen's) between compounds.

      Folate metabolism is an intricate process, which is also linked to homocysteine metabolism. Up to 50% of the population have a genetic predisposition (called a genetic polymorphism, or "SNP", pronounced 'snip') that impairs the optimal function of the methylation process. When supplementing, using the active form of folic acid is vital to ensure the proper metabolism of this essential nutrient.

      Active forms of folic acid can be identified as folinic acid, folacin, L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) or L-methylfolate to name a few examples.

      Folate, which occurs naturally in foods like green leafy vegetables, is necessary for healthy growth and development. It has an important role in the production of nucleic acid and the metabolism of amino acids.

      Foods High in Natural Folate

      • Wheat Germ
      • Wheat Bran
      • Vegemite
      • Marmite
      • Red Kidney Beans
      • Chicken Liver
      • Green Leafy Vegetables
      • Bakers Yeast
      • Egg Yolk
      • Sunflower Seeds

      Benefits of Folate

      • Helps produce neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, which are important for mood, sleep and a healthy appetite.
      • May help psychological or mental symptoms, if they are associated with folate deficiency.
      • Prevent neural tube defects in pregnant women. Up to half of neural tube defects are believed to be preventable if women of childbearing age supplement their diet with folic acid.

      Signs of Folate Deficiency

      • Anaemia (large cell type)
      • Glossitis
      • Mental Confusion
      • Weakness
      • Fatigue
      • Irritability
      • Headache
      • Shortness of Breath
      • Elevated Homocysteine

      Folate deficiencies also occur when there are inadequate intakes, impaired absorption, or unusual metabolic demands for this vitamin (cell multiplication speeds up– as in pregnancy, burns, blood loss and GI tract damage).

      Other Vitamins Essential to the Healthy Metabolism of Folate

      • Vitamin B2
      • Vitamin B6
      • Vitamin B12

      Supplements

      Some of the more superior folate supplements are unavailable for purchase without consulting with a practitioner. Come in store or call us to get a personal recommendation from one of our qualified staff members.

       

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medicinal Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

    • Four Ways to Look After Your Knees

      knee

      Knees are critical to our ability just to get around, and are essential for virtually every exercise we tackle.

      Knee pain is one of the most common complaints we hear from our clientele. People commonly experience this due to carrying too much body weight, impact exercise and injuries from sport. The wear and tear we experience as we age can add up to pain alone.

      Here are four ways to look after your knees:

      Lifestyle

      The exercise and footwear you choose are so critical - we hear of pronators - our feet falling inwards or outwards; too much running on hard surfaces, all have an effect. Seek help and choose the right footwear for you (the amount of support, need for orthotics etc.). Ask your podiatrist or osteopath, physiotherapist or chiropractor to assist.

      Exercise to increase muscle strength around the knee is critical as this gives added support and helps prevent further injury. Flexibility of the knee joint - ask for exercises that help and always remember that doing exercise in a pool dramatically reduces the level of impact on the knee and will help with recovery and reduction of pain.

      Diet

      Fish contains the highest amount of naturally occurring Omega 3 fats that have a strong anti-inflammatory effect. Reduce red meat which can promote inflammation in excessive amounts will help to shift the balance back to anti-inflammatory. Increase plant based Omega 3 sources such as flaxseed and chia seed.

      Reducing Inflammation with Supplements

      Turmeric/ Curcumin has had a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine as a strong anti-inflammatory, thus reducing the pain of swelling and heat, which causes the knee to be swollen and stiff. As people age, a previously injured knee can lead to osteoarthritis which generates inflammation. This occurs at the point of the knee where articular cartilage and bones touch. Reducing inflammation increases knee mobility.

      Fish Oil capsules or liquids can be the most convenient and practical way to increase your Omega 3 levels.

      Increase Cartilage Production

      Collagen is turning out to be the hero product in this area of knee soreness. So many of our personal trainers and their clients have found improved repair of soft tissue and cartilage due to the amino acid profile of collagen. Knees that were sore, swollen and painful have become far less so with a daily dosing of collagen. Ask us for the dosage regime you should follow.

      Glucosamine and Chondroitin are precursors to cartilage production combined with Boswellia and Ginger shows strong pain reducing effects on the knee.

      Suggested Supplements

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Ian Collins

      Owner of Evelyn Faye Nutrition

    • Antibiotic Resistance & Natural Antibiotic Alternatives

      A range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi are on the rise, with pathogenic bacteria becoming stronger and stronger. Over time, and with the overuse of pharmaceutical antibiotics, bacteria has become destructive "superbugs", resistant to antibiotics and are increasingly harmful to the immune system.

      What Is Antibiotic Resistance?

      Antibiotic resistance happens when an overexposure to antimicrobial drugs (i.e. antibiotics, antifungals and antivirals) occurs. Antimicrobial drugs are used to treat microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. These microorganisms can build up a tolerance to antimicrobial drugs, and become what is known as "superbugs".

      As a result of this, medicine basically becomes useless, and infection lingers in the body.

      What Causes Antimicrobial Resistance?

      The misuse and overuse of antibiotics in people and animals is a major contributor to antibiotic resistance. Often, antibiotics are given without professional oversight.

      Example of misuse include:

      • When they are prescribed to people for viral infections (i.e. colds and flu)
      • When given as growth promoters in animals and fish

      Herbal Antibiotics and Natural Alternatives

      With the rise of antibiotic resistance, it is important to look at alternatives to combat infection.

      With the immune system becoming increasingly burdened, use of plant based medicine and their complexity of compounds should be considered to restore the microbial balance in the body.

      Some excellent antimicrobial herbs to consider when combating infection include:

      Garlic

      Garlic contains a compound called Allicin, which has been shown to have antibacterial effects against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including multi-drug resistant E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus spp., and many more. It also has antifungal activity, particularly against Candida albicans.

      Golden Seal

      Contains antimicrobial alkaloids, and its considered a natural antibiotic. It is well combined with echinacea to strengthen the immune system.

      Many studies have been done on Golden Seal and it's antimicrobial properties, and has shown to be effective against pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Steptococcus sanguis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and many more.

      Thyme

      Antibacterial and antifungal properties of Thyme have been observed in vitro and shown effectiveness against a wide range of pathogens including Clostridium botulinum, E. coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.

      Propolis

      Is an excellent antibacterial product that can inhibit the growth of bacteria. It is excellent for oral health, and using a propolis throat spray is a great way to stop throat infection in its tracks.

       

      If you have a problem with recurrent infections, consult with your local herbalist or naturopath to find out what herbs could be best suited to you and your condition.

      Suggested Supplements

      NutraLife Kyolic Aged Garlic Extract High Potency Formula

      Comvita Propolis Spray Extra Strength

      Nature's Sunshine Golden Seal

      If you are unsure about anything you have read in this article, please do not hesitate to contact us on (03) 9670 1346 or evefaye@bigpond.net.au or comment on this post.

      Our team of qualified staff are here to help you.


      Written by Tanya Lim

      Medicinal Herbalist & Nutritionist at Evelyn Faye Nutrition

      www.tanyalim.com.au

      360 Bourke Street, Melbourne, 3000

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